Tokyo's Inner Central District has supplanted London's West End as the world's most expensive office market, according to CB Richard Ellis Group, Inc. (CBRE) Global Research and Consulting's semi-annual Global Office Occupancy Costs survey. London's West End is now the world's second most expensive office market, followed by Moscow, Hong Kong's Central Business District (CBD), and Tokyo's Outer Central District in the CBRE report, which tracks office occupancy costs in more than 170 cities around the globe.
Global financial centers have been most significantly affected by declining occupier demand and, as one would expect, registered the most material decreases in office rents. In many cases, major global office markets have seen occupancy costs fall by 20% or more over the last 12 months. Across the 170 cities as a whole, office occupancy costs fell 2.8% over the 12-month period ending 31 March 2009 (on an un-weighted average basis) compared with an increase of 8% in the 12-month period ending September 30, 2008. Singapore had the largest year-on-year decrease in occupancy costs with a drop of 34%.
Some markets did record increases in costs over the last 12 months, but these markets such as Charlotte (U.S.), Marseille (France) and Perth (Australia) are very much the exception rather than the rule. Generally, these increases are either due to exceptional local market conditions, such as the completion of a top-quality new building in a market where none was available previously, or simply that occupancy costs remain above the level of a year ago despite the fact that they are now falling. Such situations illustrate the uneven way in which the economic downturn is affecting different markets around the globe, according to the CBRE report.
"The great global recession has clearly taken its toll on the world's office markets, particularly those with significant concentrations of financial industry employers," said Dr. Raymond Torto, CBRE's Global Chief Economist. "The most expensive office markets, as measured in dollars, are considerably less expensive than a year ago and occupiers are now in a strong position to procure prime space at attractive costs. For instance, a year ago office space in London's West End was nearly $300/ft², while today that space goes for $172/ft²."
London's West End was the world's second most expensive office market at $172/ft² and Moscow was a close third with occupancy costs at $170/ft². Dubai, Paris, the City of London and Dublin were all in the top 10 most expensive markets.
Twelve cities in the region posted double digit declines in office cost. Moscow had the sharpest decline in the region followed closely by Oslo (Norway), while occupancy costs in London's West End, previously the most expensive market in CBRE's report, fell 20%. In addition to Marseille, Durban (South Africa) was among the world's top five markets with occupancy cost growing by 18% during the past 12 months.
Tokyo (Inner Central) was the world's most expensive market with an occupancy cost of $183/ft². Hong Kong (CBD) was the fourth most expensive global market with occupancy costs of $150/ft². Tokyo (Outer Central) and Mumbai were the other two Asia-Pacific markets in the top 10 most expensive cities roster.
Singapore, while experiencing the largest drop in occupancy costs, was not alone among Asia-Pacific financial centers in seeing a sharp decline. Hong Kong, Tokyo and Mumbai posted large drops in office occupancy costs. Conversely, Perth had the second fastest growing occupancy cost during the past 12 months with costs rising 22%, although it's important to note that the increase took place in 2008.
The most expensive office location in the Americas is still New York's Midtown with occupancy costs of $68/ft². However, that market's occupancy costs declined 32% the second steepest decline in the global survey. While occupancy costs in New York's Midtown are high for North America, it ranked just 21st