The average transaction size completed in the European commercial real estate market in the first half of 2009 has fallen by more than half since the peak of the market in 2007, reflecting the extent to which the credit crunch has affected the ability of investors to complete large deals in today's market. The average size of transactions agreed in H1 2009 in Europe fell to 18.4 million, a 59% decline from the 44.4 million average deal size recorded at the peak of the market in H1 2007, according to new research released by CB Richard Ellis.
The most significant development in H1 2009 was the precipitous fall in the number of the very largest transactions being agreed. When the market was at its strongest, investors keen to get capital into the market were prepared to pay a premium for portfolios. As a result there were 115 transactions of 200 million or more completed in H1 2007, with a total value of over 51 billion. In H1 2009, the number of transactions in this value segment had fallen to just nine, with a total value of 4.2 billion. Accordingly, smaller deals of below 50 million accounted for 48% (by value) of transactions completed in the European property market in H1 2009, compared to 25% of the total market in 2007.
Of the small number of larger deals completed this year, the retail sector has dominated the bigger lot size deals, accounting for approximately 35% of the total investment volume transacted in H1 2009. The largest transaction in Europe during the first half of 2009 was the sale of the mostly retail former Dawnay Day portfolio in the UK for over £600 million (669 million).
Clearly the fall in capital values has had an impact on average deal size. In the UK, IPD data shows that capital values have fallen by 44% from their peak in mid 2007 and other European countries have also seen substantial falls although in most cases not to the same extent. However, even this is not sufficient to explain the fall in the average deal size. The other explanation is the difficulty in financing the largest transactions now that banks are unable to securitise large loans.
Jonathan Hull, Executive Director of EMEA Capital Markets, CB Richard Ellis, said: "The banks' appetite for lending on large transactions has been very limited since the second half of 2007. However, in recent months we have seen greater willingness to lend. It is now possible to find lenders willing to get involved in transactions up to 100 million and this threshold continues to increase."
"There were not enough transactions in Hungary in the first half of the year to state where the average deal size currently is. We clearly see that the lot size which investors have an appetite for has gone reduced. This is not surprising," commented Tim O'Sullivan, Head of Capital Markets at CBRE Hungary.
"Finding financing for a deal has become more difficult, and foremost more expensive; therefore investors have to increase the amount of equity in a deal to make it happen. Purchasing a property for 50-150 million was typical before the crisis in Hungary but now these assets are attracting less interest as investors do not really want to undertake a huge exposure to one market in the present economic climate. Potential buyers are generally seeking assets below 50 million lot sizes. This could be interpreted as bad news but it is more important that there is an appetite for well located investment property in Hungary."
Source: CB Richard Ellis